#disability, #GE15, #GE2015, #welfare

Disabled people need to create the Disability Litigation Market Services they need

Finding Specialist Legal Help for Disability Discrimination is Becoming Harder

There is no mainstream political will or interest in State Reform or Constitutional Reform to enshrine disability rights or equality rights for citizens in to our British Constitution.


Please look at our disability market analysis by parliamentary seat.

Please look at our proposals for disability related State Reform and Constitutional Reform.

https://t.co/2AFJaCOllH download State Reform and Disability for the PDF Version or iBook version https://itun.es/gb/TZ4l5.l

https://t.co/n7Er6i72Uh download Constitutional Reform and Disability for the PDF version or iBook version https://itun.es/gb/wQj12.l

The disability community needs to develop collaborative models of disability discrimination litigation market services owned by community activism or organisation in the face of cuts to legal aid and increased fees for bring disability discrimination litigation. I am researching an overarching paper on the topic and looking for thinkers, entrepreneurs, philanthropists, crowd founders, charities, disability legal firms and disability barristers to help create a case for parliamentary support.

Finding affordable disability solicitors and counsel is a difficult job on both the part of the claimant and litigator or advocate. The cases are often complex, long and costly.

Since the introduction of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 and then the consolidation of disability discrimination legislation into the Equality Act 2010, there is still an emerging need to develop the legal sector which provides a functioning market for disability related legal services. The issues of disability are of course cross-cutting such as welfare, housing, services, premises, employment, participation in public life and representation of the disability community as equal stakeholders across the public sector service and it’s delivery functions.

According to the Office of Disability Issues (ODI), 19.7% of the UK adult population that being 11 million persons live with an impairment or health issue amounting to a statutory disability, but members of the community with a disability are highly unlikely to be represented with any degree equity in a broad range of employment, community or public life: councillors, members of parliament, public appointments, judiciary, NHS trusts, health boards in the devolved parliaments, public spending programmes, or civil service. It’s a muted point generally in the media and there is passive acceptance that under representation of disabled persons in public life is a consequence of the kind the of society that that the remaining 83.3% of the community wishes to live. Much the same history of race and gender equality repeating itself.

The rights and enforcement of those entitlements are further undermined by the recent changes to Employment Tribunals to introduce fees for bringing claims for unlawful disability discrimination. Some assessments say that the reduction of disability discrimination claims have fallen since this change from this policy and practice by between 52% and 78%. There continues to be an historic link between poverty and disability which bares out in the huge decline in protection sought from the courts. The change in policy and the well established link between poverty, unemployment and disability in fact renders the advances made by the Equality Act 2010 and it’s predecessor the Disability Discrimination Act relatively obsolete on affordability grounds. There is no public funding for bringing disability discrimination cases. The situation is of course different in USA and some Northern European countries, Scotland has made a little progress in providing legal help for preparing litigation at Employment Tribunals but there is no publicly funded legal representation. Disability litigation is won on strength and merits of argument. Legal representation is the only moral and ethical way to enforce a disabled persons rights.

As Andrew Hogan points out in his blog there is an emerging market for litigating disability discrimination. Mr. Hogan points out that new business models and disability claims show promising potential to develop county court tort actions or high court tort actions, or high court judicial review in the field of disability discrimination. His work includes claims brought for disabled persons accessing buses, trains, local authority services, NHS trusts, Central Goverment Departments and universities. It demonstrates the potential for increasing the disability litigation market sector following the reductions in publicly funded assistance and the effects of the Jackson reforms as discussed by the Law Society.

In fact, a legal firm Unity-Law are a team of specialist Disability Discrimination and occupational disease lawyers, dedicated to helping you achieve the best possible outcome for your legal case. We particularly note “Our personal approach has led us to win a number legal industry awards which recognise our involvement in leading cases and ground-breaking disability rights campaign work. ”

There a number of barristers specialising in disability discrimination claims with direct access arrangements. You may also need to consider instructing a solicitor to help with the litigation but the barrister can give you advise and you proceed with stages of litigation yourself. There are funding issues to resolve. You need to engage a barrister directly on the issues of funding.

The following barristers specialise in disability discrimination claims:

John Horan is barrister with a disability and acts for claimants at Cloisters.

Andrew Hogan is a disability barrister at Ropewalk Chambers.

Spencer Keen is a barrister specialising in disability discrimination at Old Square Chambers

Matthew Purchase is a barrister specialising in disability discrimination at Matrix Chambers.

Elizabeth George is a barrister specialising in discrimination at Leigh Day

Disability Counsel are a group of barristers who specialise in disability discrimination

The charitable and social enterprise Disability Discrimnation legal sector is generally under funded and over subscribed. This includes charities such as the Disability Law Service, the Bar Pro Bono Unit, the Free Representation Unit and Law Works. The RNIB provides a small legal team dealing with disability discrimination matters arising from visual impairment. There is also the Law Centre Network. Charitable and public funding severely restrict the extent of any help these enterprises can provide.

Disabled law graduates wishing to pursue a career as a barrister or solicitor are substantially disadvantaged in accessing training as a barrister’s pupil and or accessing training contracts to qualify as a solicitor. A disabled law graduate wishing to pursue a career as a barrister has no other pathway to obtain the required competency and knowlege requirements of the Bar Standards Board. Successive governments have attempted to open up the legal training market to increase access to the Bar and subsequent legislation allowed for training to get to the commercial bar using a Bar Standards. Board approved alternative training organisation. No such routes exist and the access to pupilages are very far and few between.

However, the Law Society has recognised the potential of the charitable and social enterprise sector to engaged law graduate is trainng which can lead to their eventual qualification as a solicitor. Careers can then be pursued in the social enterprise sector or transferred to the private or public sector. There are no equivalent mechanisms to obtain qualification as a practicing barrister.

The legal services market has changed with some law firms and barristers operating from the same commercial entity. This brings future opportunities and Elizabeth George at Leigh Day is a positive example.

Strategic Opportunity for Disability Run Litigation Services

Community Interest Companies (CIC)

The Equality Advisory Support Service (EASS) was the first discrimination advisory community interest company set up which provides free advise and support disabled persons facing discrimination. A community interest company requires that the assets of the company are locked in the community it serves and it has to fulfil its community interest test. Community Interest Companies have an independent regulator.

The Creation of a Disability Discriminaton Law Service Community Interest Company

Andrew Hogan‘s analysis of the emerging disability discrimination litigation market seems to be logically signficant. More houses are being built to a poorer standard. The Government are moving 2 million disabled persons from long term sickness benefit to work without any supporting social, legal or employment infrastructure to cater for individual bespoke needs. More public transport facilities are being built and lessons of accessibility are simply never learned. According to the ODI the disabled population is growing by 100,000 per year which will increase litigation year on year in housing, employment, welfare, transport, public authority services, education, and the NHS. We know that 11.7 million people are statutory disabled in the UK and we know that there is no underlying strategic legal service market to enforce disability rights under the Equality Act.

The regulators of the Legal Profession: the Law Society and The Bar Council need to be persuaded that in the longer term more community interest companies will want to be set up which competes with the traditional network of chambers and law firms to create a cost effective legal services market for litigating disability discrimination claims. The kind of models described by Hogan et al provide exactly the rationale for allowing the creation of a Disability Discrimination Law Community Interest Company run by disabled persons busines persons, financiers, social enterprises or philanthropy; and the like employing disabled barristers or solicitors to litigate in the disability community or public interest. This innovative form of social enterprise could quite easily be approved by the Bar Standards Board as an alternative training organisation to enable many more disabled law graduates to qualify in the profession for the public good.

Community Interest Companies can make profits and are regulated. The must have asset locks and operate in the community interest.  They are overseen by the CIC regulator.  The legal professional standards would remain. CICs can obtain private capital, borrow, pay salaries, pay dividends, float on the stock market, receive charitable donations, philanthropic investment, local authority funding and public funding. Two signficant differences are that the assets accumulated by the CIC will be locked into the disability community it serves to fulfil its community interest objectives principally to provide advice and representation at an affordable cost to the disability community. Secondly, there will be strategic value to development and performance of disability discrimination litigation and a competitive market against the relatively fixed market of chambers and law firms proving a Cinderella disability litigation service.. There would also likely follow a restructuring of the social and charitable enterprise sector providing legal help . Lastly, as well seeking new innovative funding models, there would be opportunities to charge basic operating fees for clients much below market rates along the lines of Stephenson Solicitors albeit on a structurally different basis to cover basic operation costs. In other words disabled barristers or solicitors basic salaries would be paid to enable them to litigate higher volumes of work and rewarded on the merits of their success through the traditional cost or compensation recovery. Finally, there is no current market concept for mutuality disability discrimination insurance which could be devised with a community interest company product along side traditional event or costs insurance.

The disability discrimination litigation market place

Interchangeability of jurisdiction of the Employment Tribunal Claim and Claims issued at County Courts or the High Court for claims under tort or Judicial Review at the High Court. Employment Trubunal claims can include a head of damage for injury to health arising from the conduct of disability discrimination or a failure in that duty which causes injury. In the alternative, can such claims be brought at the County or High Court as personal injury claims with duties owed in tort, statutory duties or other common law. Additionally, to what extent can can employment related disability discrimination claims have jurisdiction in the County or High court under section 149 of the Equality Act either as a specific remedy or Judicial Review. Does further changes need to be made to the Equality Act 2010 to develop the disability discrimination market, to enable cross jurisdiction claims and engage injury to health claims identified in Employment Trubunal Claims in a jurisdiction that enables access to Conditional Funding Arrangements, costs insurance protection and the development of forms of mutuality insurance that (I) enables a disability discrimination litigation insurance product to be market developed, offered and subscribed to increase enforcement of rights under the Equality Act; (ii) to benefit from the Jackson Reforms and use of injury to health head of damage as a basis of constituting disability discrimination claims in other jurisdictions which enables forms of mutuality insurance as described or with broader ranges of legal service funding based on successful recovery of costs and risk-bases earnings from compensation.

The Office of Disability Issues say there is a disability discrimination market place of 11.8 million people of which 5.2m people are of working age, families have 1.1m disabled children at school and 5m over the age of 65. 2.6m of those disabled persons are in work or in work claiming benefits and the other 2.6m people claim welfare benefits. The welfare reform programme will lead to a reduction of people claiming disability related employment income benefit reduce by 65% in the next 5 years. This will means that around 1.4m disabled person will be expected to engage in work or claim unemployment benefit. The abolition of disability living allowance and replacement with personal independence payment is likely to reduce the 3m disabled persons claiming benefit over a period of 10 years to around 1.5m on the basis of only 40% of existing DLA qualifying claims are being equivalicated in the decisions of personal independence payments claims so far.

Legal aid has been withdrawn for welfare claims advise and representation.

A reform of the way disability welfare legal services and disability discrimination litigation can be achieved by a two way strategy; (I) by legislation to create, structure and regulate the market; (ii) by the disability community enterprise sector devising appropriate legal service structure and offering innovate mutuality insurance products that provide legal cover for:

Making claims for disability related benefits

Providing disability related legal advise services

Providing legal advice representation for appeals on disability related welfare decisions

Providing disability advice and professional recommendations of reasonable adjustments

Providing disability discrimination for employment, education, services etc. disputes early intervention advise and advocacy

Making claims for disability discrimination litigation Providing disability litigation legal advise services

Providing disability litigation end to end claim and customer relationship management

Providing disability litigation legal representation services

Provide mutuality based legal costs and events insurance to limit damages

Provide disability litigation professional services functions including experts

Operate the mutuality principle as a community interest where the product assets are locked in the disability community for future generations but legal professionals can continue to be paid at basic, insurance, market rates or mutuality insurance rates based on a mixed-fee orientation policy. The policy to comprise of an element of contract payment rate for work from the mutuality policy, recovery of costs in the courts, enhancement of income based on risk and success and a level of operational costs recovery from policy excesses depending on the nature and extent of the work.

The guiding principle disabled litigants for a disability driven Disability Discrimination Litigation Community Interest Company, is that if you use the scheme, part of your damages has to be paid back into the Community in order that venture can survive, grow and deliver strategic or landmark disability cases.

Further work: Just a start

A working research paper will be produced in due course based on a range of mutuality models, comparative historical funding issues in other community problems arising from poverty and community interest principals which specifically develop the disability law market. Legislative analysis is required to better define the regulatory framework, increase flexibility in the legal profession for developing this market and to learn from other jurisdictions on how to limit the liabilities of a social legal market which is either provided by State funding or where a jurisdiction accepts that for the market to function properly then stakeholder exposure to liability has to be signficantly constrained reasonable social financing rather than the excesses of the corporate legal sector profitability much the same as legal aid recovery of costs. In any of the models used there would be an increase in those insured, increase in litigation and consequential social mobility, and market improvement for disability discrimination litigation practice and performance.

A work in progress.  Any further thoughts are welcome.

Harry Taylor


#GE15, #GE2015, #welfare

2015 General Election; Westminster Parliamentary Constituencies – Your Constituency MP Report Card and Welfare Record



Westminster Parliamentary Constituenciences


#UKDISABILITY2015 #GE2015 @thinkablesite @AbilityThink



What is your MP doing to bring welfare down and help people in to better paid jobs?

2010 – 2015 Conservative and LibDem Coalition Welfare Record


Number Pensioner in Benefit Poverty                                               27990

% Pensioner Poverty claiming benefit                                               33.00%

Number of Carers claiming benefit                                                   1710

Total Cost of State Pension Welfare (dependency)                        £275.4 m

Number of disabled welfare supported under 65 years                4100

Number of Disabled on employment support                                 3650

Number of Lone Parents                                                                    700

Number of Job Seeker Allowance Claimants                                  1960

Parliamentary Majority                                                                       10527

Seat Held By                                                                                        Conservative

Total Welfare Dependency Spend (dependency)                           £343.8 m

Number Disabled Voters                                                                    20775

Marginal Seat                                                                                            297

Total Voters                                                                                                109,922         


Breaking News: Predicted Disabled Persons Voting: ODI Enabled Disability Intelligence Survey effect by Parliamentary Seat Majority

#ukdisability2015 #GE2015 Disability Voting Intellgence survey 1 December 2014

Predicted Disabled Persons Voting by Parliamentary Seat in ascending majority

The ODI say there are 10.3 million disabled adults living in the UK who can vote. 2.3m disabled people are not registered to vote. A significant percentage do not vote at all.  They have disengaged politics.

The Predicted Disabled Persons Voting Indication helps disabled people target seats whereupon their vote may decide the outcome of the seat and give disabled people an opportunity to hold politicians to account for policies which have affected their lives.  The PDV disability voting analysist can be found here:

Please use the document to cascade to disabled persons and disability organisations based in each of the identified UK parliamentary election constituency seats.
Please help make disabled persons’ votes count.

#GE15, #GE2015, #welfare

1 million welfare supported voters undiscovered

#UKdisability #GE2015 #GE15

1 million voters undiscovered.

Disability and the UK General Election 2015.

A consolidated data view of the social security counts of welfare supported claimants.  Many welfare supported claimants between 60 and 64 are difficult to reach.  Those claimants are entitled to claim pre-retirement benefits which are not classified as unemployment.  A significant number have a disability.  How will they be reached in the UK 2015 General Election?

Find out more about these potential 1m voters.  Read here https://www.scribd.com/doc/254303655/Analysis-of-the-60-64-year-group-of-welfare-supported-voters

The working age and pension age claimant group 60 – 64 years includes incapacity, widow, income support, housing benefit, disability, council tax, carers and unemployment benefits.


Learning from the 2010 General Election: Seats won by lowest % turnout

The 2015 General Election and knowledge of the last election help us to make informed decisions and examine the information presented as facts.


Analysis of UK parliamentary seats won in the 2010 General Election ordered by % turnout.  The number of ODI forecasted disabled voters, total voters registered and the DWP published welfare spending by parliamentary seat are provided.

The number of disabled people in each parliamentary constituency can affect the elected outcome of the seat.

The PDF version of the 2010 General Election votes cast by %turnout can be found here https://www.scribd.com/doc/254209530/Learning-from-Disability-and-Votes-cast-in-2010


The Electoral Commission: Disabled people’s voting and rights


Disabled people’s voting rights

Local authorities now have to take proactive steps to ensure that polling stations don’t disadvantage disabled people1. All voters have a right to vote independently and in secret. A person who is registered to vote or who has been officially appointed as a proxy voter cannot be refused a ballot paper or the opportunity to vote on the grounds of mental or physical incapacity. Polling station staff must ensure that disabled voters are not offered a lower standard of service than other voters and should be able to explain what assistance is available to disabled voters wishing to vote in person at a polling station.

Read more here http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/116906/Disabled-people-voting-rights-factsheet-GB.pdf

Read an interesting article on the importance of disabled people voting by Disability Now http://www.disabilitynow.org.uk/article/getting-voting-rights


Access to Elected Office for Disabled People Fund


The Access to Elected Office for Disabled People Fund offers individual grants to disabled people who are planning to stand for election.

The grants help meet the additional support needs that a disabled person has that are associated with their disability and their participation in a range of activity which is essential to participating in the selection and election processes. Without this support, a disabled person may face an additional barrier in the selection and campaign processes compared with a non-disabled person.

Read more here http://www.access-to-elected-office-fund.org.uk


Disabled People’s Manifesto: Reclaiming our futures


The aim of this manifesto – developed by disabled people and their organisations across the UK – is to map the key principles, demands and commitments that disabled people and our allies can use in campaigning and lobbying. It calls on the Westminster and devolved Governments to recognise and act on their responsibilities in fully implementing the United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) effectively across the UK.

Read more http://disability-studies.leeds.ac.uk/files/library/UK-Disabled-People-s-Manifesto-Reclaiming-Our-Futures.pdf


The UK General Election 2015: Disability Toolkit


Disability and constitutional reform.

Disability and constitutional reform.







#ukdisability2015 #GE2015 The ODI say there are 10.3 million disabled adults living in the UK who can vote.  2.3m disabled people are not registered to vote.  Help make disabled persons' votes count.

#ukdisability2015 #GE2015
The ODI say there are 10.3 million disabled adults living in the UK who can vote. 2.3m disabled people are not registered to vote.
Help make disabled persons’ votes count.

What do we know about the pre-retirement 60 - 64 year old group of welfare supported voters?

What do we know about the pre-retirement 60 – 64 year old group of welfare supported voters?

10 million disabled persons have a vote in the May 2015 General Election.

The countries of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland need federal reform to prevent indefinite governance by a minority English party.  There needs a concept of equity on national reserved matters and England be afforded it’s on English Parliament.

With equality enshrined for all protected minorities and all power devolved locally, politicians can be held accountable for upholding basic human rights and public services in the regions across the UK.

RT #UKdisability2015 Disability Toolkit

https://t.co/hKdoyF0501 download the Disability Toolkit for the PDF version

https://t.co/n7Er6i72Uh download Constitutional Reform and Disability for the PDF version

https://t.co/2AFJaCOllH  download State Reform and Disability for the PDF Version

http://wp.me/p5F8zL-A Download the 1 missing million unaccounted for voters between the age 60 – 64 here:

http://wp.me/p5F8zL-E download the Predicted Disability Voting (PDV) Analysis by ascending majority / parliamentary seat here



Make 10 million disabled persons vote count this May. Pass on the link.